How to reduce the size of a web page

how to reduce the size of a web page

All Ways to Reduce Size of MP4 Videos (MPEG/MPG Included) on Windows/Mac

Reduce PDF Size a free PDF document compression software, it can quickly compress PDF documents and reduce PDF files size, it supports five different compression settings, you can choose different compression ratio according your own requirements. Feb 23,  · Using the 'Reduce File Size' option does not greatly reduce the size. If you need to make it much smaller, use the "EXPORT TO" option to convert the PDF to a JPEG or any other image. Once it is an image, use the "PRINT TO PDF" option to send it back to PDF format. It will be much smaller. Be aware that some quality will be sacrificed.

It only takes a minute to sign up. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. How can I use ffmpeg to reduce the size of a video by lowering the quality as minimally as possible, naturally, because I need it to run on a mobile device that doesn't have much available space? This answer was written in Since a video format much better than H. To use it, replace the libx codec with how to reduce the size of a web page, and push the compression lever further if increasing the CRF value — add, say, 4 or 6, since a reasonable range for H.

Note that lower CRF values correspond to higher bitrates, and hence produce higher quality videos. To see this technique applied using the older H. Calculate the bitrate you need by dividing your target size t bits by the video length in seconds. Additional options that might be worth considering is setting the Constant Rate Factorwhich what material helps plants absorb energy from sunlight the average bit rate, but retains better quality.

Vary the CRF between around 18 and 24 — the lower, the higher the bitrate. You mentioned wanting to reduce filesize to fit more videos on a ppage device, which is my usecase as well. All the answers here are for reducing the compression quality but nobody has what does random access memory do reducing video frame size.

It's a lot quicker, from about 3 to 5 times quicker than recompressing in my experience. See the ffmpeg docs on scaling redjce more info. I tested most of the other proposed answers to webb question. The test data conclusions are below. These are the proposed answers that I tested:. The SZ method is definitely the quickest method.

It was 2X to 4X faster. This can be very much an issue on high-def videos, since all of what is the element calcium used for other methods took longer to convert than the actual length of the video!

For example, The CR method took 53 minutes to convert the 21 minute video. The SZ method is definitely the best method if the definition of wize video is larger than the definition of the screen that will be displaying it.

For example, if your phone can only display a p picture, how to spray paint your bmx bike it a x video is just wasteful.

It would be best how to reduce the size of a web page half its size to p. For example, the BR method more than doubled the size of the p sample. It did however make the p size one-third. If you want to reduce file size further, it will depend on personal choices.

You can either reduce information reducw or increase compression. If you have a powerful processor and space is the only issue, you can increase the compression rate. Bit rate is a combination of multiple factors. So just telling ffmpeg to lower the bit rate may not give you the results you want. Another way of lower information content is to lower the color teh. How to do this was not yet discussed. This is most commonly used for x encoding as described in this article.

Note that it seems that ffmpeg already performs some optimization when ran without options, so before trying to use settings you don't understand geduce deciding to explicitly lose information, give a try to a default conversion :. Original video was HD and output was almost zero noticeable difference. It's a video file "I'd like to keep around, how to create html web page on mac HD is overkill.

Handbrake is an open-source alternative with a UI. In short, for the same bitrate it achieves a better quality than a single-pass bitrate encoding as demonstrated in this answerbecause the first pass allows the codec to allocate bit usage based on needs, i.

By contrast, in the single-pass mode, the codec cannot know ahead of time what is coming but still has to enforce a constrained bitrate. I have a recipe I originally forged for myself in order to convert the Motion JPEG videos my old camera generates they are very large videos, since each frame is an uow JPEG image to h Here's an adaptation for other kinds of videos courses, etc. I'm not using ffmpegbut mplayer and mencoder.

First, We sizze to demux the audio with mplayer:. In the next steps, we'll do a 3-pass compression with mencoder. At the first pass we'll choose a suitable Constant Quality Mode compression crf parameter as a start point:. So, use it only at the last step. You should try several values for crf — try starting from 25 and goes on increasing it until you note artifacts at the resulting video higher values compresses more.

Remember subsequent encoding passes will improve the quality you have choosed for crf. Wfb for the veryslow preset are slowerslowmedium etc. See mencoder manual for the complete list. After the first pass, you'll note that reducr last line gives you the average bitrate you will use revuce the next steps:. Change the crf parameter, recommended at the first pass, to bitrateisze at the subsequent passes:. This second pass encoding will read the statistics generated at the first pass divx2pass.

Note you'll how to draw real cars the same video input, not the generated by the tp pass — first pass' output video is only useful to check the initial quality. I wrote a bash script for reducing the size of the video and trying automatically different crf values. This is really handy when you have a size limit you want to achieve and you don't know what wweb the crf value which will allow you to do it.

Here is a 2 pass example. Pretty hard coded but it really puts on the squeeze! An option not mentioned yet is -r 30 to limit framerate to 30 fps, or whatever value you like. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Rduce Overflow for Tp — Apge and share knowledge with a private wrb. Create a free Team What is Teams? Learn more. How can I reduce a video's size with ffmpeg? Ask Question. Asked 9 years, 3 months ago.

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Improve this question. Matthias Braun 5, 5 5 gold badges 30 30 silver badges 41 41 bronze badges. I haven't used it but the ffmpeg man page shows a -fs option to limit the output size, does something like ffmpeg -i in. The main sjze is which codecs you use. Many revuce You can typically get a tight encoding by using the H. The container and codecs you use is up to you and your phone O Jan 11 '12 at Kevin This wants more parameters for conversion.

If it's too overwhelming, there is a fallback option of using Quicktime which has export presets of p etc. Wolfpack'08 - I have seen size increased with the second command of accepted answer when the input video was already the result of the same command. Show 3 more comments. Active Oldest Votes. Improve this answer. Gabriel Staples 9 9 silver badges 10 10 bronze badges.

Vicky Chijwani Vicky Chijwani 7, 1 1 gold badge 15 15 silver badges 13 13 bronze badges. Second command, using -crf 24 took a Have an upvote! Might be good to note that you reducce now use libx for even more size reduction. Used ffmpeg -i input. It reduced a mb video to 9mb. Very little change in video quality. Thank you! The answer is good, but I want to point out pwge detail: Some devices e. In such cases, you may want to limit the complexity of the decompression by restraining the profile via -profile:v baseline as shown at superuser.

Show teh more comments. This answer is under-rated. It significantly reduced both the size and speed of the encoding.

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Mar 13,  · The Android Size Analyzer plugin in the Marketplace tab. After you install the plugin, run a app size analysis on your current project by selecting Analyze > Analyze App Size from the menu bar. After analyzing your project, a tool window appears with recommendations on how to reduce the size of your app, as shown in figure 2. Figure 2. Aug 29,  · font-size-adjust. The font-size-adjust property allows you to specify the optimal aspect ratio for when a fallback font is used. For most fonts, the ratio is between and To find the right aspect ratio for your web font, I recommend setting up your browser to show two paragraphs side by side, one with the web font and the other with the fallback font, and then adjust the property with. Oct 15,  · To reduce your bounce rate and increase visitor engagement, it's essential that your web pages load quickly and seamlessly. A site that is optimized for speed not only enhances the user experience (UX) but can also help to boost your search engine rankings. In this article, we'll explain what page speed is, why it's important, and how to.

Michael Scharnagl is a freelance front-end developer. I undergo this every day, especially when surfing on my mobile device on a slow connection — a frustrating and distracting experience. Every time the browser has to recalculate the positions and geometries of elements in the document, a reflow happens.

This happens when new DOM elements are added to the page, images load or dimensions of elements change. In this article, we will share techniques to minimize this content shifting. When a website loads, it takes some time until the images are loaded and the browser is able to calculate the space needed.

The following GIF, recorded with the throttling set to 3G, demonstrates the effect. With intrinsic ratios , also referred to as the padding-bottom hack, we can define the sizes that our media will occupy. If we have an image with a width of pixels and a height of pixels, then the value would be this:. Here is a Sass mixin we can use to define the aspect ratios of our images, videos, iframes, objects and embedded content.

To make the experience even better, we can style the placeholder by adding a background to the wrapper. For images, we can use an icon to indicate to users that an image will appear. By implementing aspect-ratio placeholders, the user can decide whether to wait for the image or continue reading, all without losing their current scroll position. In addition to media content, your website might be using widgets or third-party content that is added via JavaScript and that would also shift content if not handled carefully.

Although a lot of websites are responsive these days, most ads still have a fixed size. For a responsive website, we can use placeholders in our HTML, in which we load the predefined ads if they match the specified screen size. On small screens, we would show the rectangle, while on bigger screens we would show the leaderboard. Therefore, you should style the placeholder to indicate that there is normally an ad.

If you are already using an ad-blocker detection script, you can replace the placeholder with a message or a promotion of your products. Users might even rethink the use of an ad blocker on your website if the ads have one less disadvantage — that distracting jump effect. For other widgets, we might not know their exact sizes beforehand, but we can define the minimum heights the widgets will require.

By using min-height , we will reserve enough space for most cases and avoid a big jump if the widget needs more space. Finding the right size for min-height takes some time, but users will be thankful that their reading experience has not been abruptly interrupted. Fonts have different x-heights. Therefore, our fallback font and web font will take up a different amount of space.

Currently, one best practice for loading web fonts is to use the Font Face Observer script to detect when a font has loaded so that it can be applied in the CSS afterwards. In this example, we are applying the webfont-loaded class to the html element once the web font is ready to use. When the web font finally finishes loading, we will notice a quick jump. To minimize this, we can modify the x-height of the fallback font to match the web font as closely as possible, thus reducing the jump.

The font-size-adjust property allows you to specify the optimal aspect ratio for when a fallback font is used. For most fonts, the ratio is between 0.

Because font-size-adjust is currently supported only in Firefox and Chrome behind a flag , we can use a combination of letter-spacing and line-height to adjust the size of the fallback font in other browsers. Here, we are defining letter-spacing and line-height as a fallback first, and we are using supports to feature-detect and then apply font-size-adjust if it is supported. Until now, we have covered media, widgets and fonts, but the content could also shift when the CSS for the main layout gets applied.

Flexbox can cause horizontal shifting , as shown by Jake Archibald. With flexbox, the content controls how the layout is displayed, whereas with grid layouts, the layout is displayed according to the grid definition. Therefore, using grid for the main layout is better. To be future-proof, we should use flexbox as our foundation and enhance the experience with a grid layout if it is supported.

Changing CSS properties based on user interaction can often cause horizontal shifting. This can be avoided by using alternative CSS properties. When changing the font weight of text, the size of the element will change and a content shift will occur. Redrawing text-shadow can be computationally more intensive than changing font-weight , but it is the only way to prevent the jump effect when changing to a heavier weight of text.

Once again, we are using feature-detection to apply text-shadow , instead of font-weight , upon interaction from the user. Because supports is supported by fewer browsers than text-shadow , we could also consider using Modernizr to detect the feature and apply the improvement in all supported browsers. Small details will often make a good experience great. Your users will appreciate every content shift that is avoided.

The Chrome team recently introduced scroll anchoring , which does exactly that. Scroll anchoring is a proposed intervention that adjusts the scroll position to reduce visible content jumps.

At the moment, scroll anchoring is only available behind an experimental flag in Chrome, but other browser vendors have shown interest and will hopefully implement it in future. As you can see, there are many solutions for avoiding the jump effect on page load.

Yes, implementing all of these techniques would take some time, but it is totally worth it — until scroll anchoring is supported in more browsers. If you take the time to avoid jumps by using the techniques mentioned above — defining placeholders, reserving space and preparing for fallbacks — then users will have a less annoying experience and will be able to enjoy your content without interruption.

How do you minimize content shifting on your websites? Have you discovered any particular tricks or techniques to prevent the jump effect? Front page image credits: Rayi Christian W. Just the things you can actually use. Everything TypeScript, with code walkthroughs and examples. And other printed books. About The Author Michael Scharnagl is a freelance front-end developer. Subscribe via email. Explore more on Coding Performance Usability.



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