Switzerland: Why asylum seekers are put off
A further reason to seek asylum may be your political views or affiliation with a certain social group. An asylum application can be submitted verbally or in writing to the border control at a Swiss airport or to a federal asylum centre with processing facilities. Asylum applications may only be submitted at the Swiss border or on Swiss territory. You need to be in Switzerland to file an asylum application. It is not possible to apply for asylum if you are outside the country. Once you arrive in Switzerland, you can ask for asylum at a border post, at a Swiss airport or in one of the federal reception centres for asylum seekers in Switzerland. If you are abroad and wish to ask for asylum in Switzerland, you can submit an application for a humanitarian visa at a Swiss representation.
Anyone can apply for asylum — protection from persecution — in Switzerland, but applicants must prove or at least credibly demonstrate their refugee status. The Swiss Asylum Act External link defines the term refugee and the conditions which can — and cannot — result in asylum.
This content was published on May 6, May 6, Switzerland has a long how to read obdii codes tradition but who can apply for asylum in the country and how?
It is not possible to apply for asylum how to use flower loom Switzerland from abroad. However, people who want to apply for asylum in Switzerland may file a visa request with a Swiss diplomatic representation. What does mph stand for after a doctors name embassy or consulate will determine whether compelling reasons exist which warrant the issuing of a visa for Switzerland.
People who have left their home countries and are staying in a third state are considered not in serious danger and therefore ineligible for asylum. Humanitarian visas are difficult to obtain. External link. Note that Switzerland is party to the Dublin Agreement External linkwhich requires the first European country where an asylum seeker arrives to fingerprint the person and hear their application.
This content was published on Dec 13, Dec 13, Jalal last saw his youngest son was when the boy was a baby. Now Hamude is almost five years old. Applicants will then be asked for their personal details, travel itinerary and motives for asylum.
They will be fingerprinted and photographed to determine whether they have sought asylum in Switzerland in the past under another name.
Swiss officials will also check if the applicant fingerprints are already registered in the Eurodac database by a European Union country, Norway, Lichtenstein or Iceland. In June Swiss voters backed government plans to speed up asylum procedures in Switzerland. These fast-track proceedings come into force March 1, Most of the simpler asylum cases will be dealt with in new bigger federal reception centres that can take up to 5, people. Asylum seekers will be also be granted free legal aid.
Applicants are accommodated in federal reception centres throughout the asylum procedure. Unless additional investigative measures are required extended procedureSwitzerland aims to decide their case within days. In addition to accommodation places for asylum seekers, the procedure centres house offices for hearing officers, interpreters, document verifiers and legal representatives.
To prevent terrorists from entering Switzerland under the guise of asylum seekers, the State Secretariat for Migration passes all asylum applications from high-risk countries to the Federal Intelligence Service.
The list of high-risk countries is confidential. Switzerland received a total of 14, applications in External linkthe lowest level in 12 years. As a rule, asylum seekers whose applications have been rejected are given a timeframe to leave Switzerland: anywhere from a few days to six months. Failure to leave voluntarily will result in forced deportation by the police.
Searches will be conducted for anyone who stays in the country illegally. Rejected applicants have the right to appeal External link to the Federal Administrative Court.
When a person is not granted asylum but repatriation is still not an option, the State Secretariat for Migration can order temporary admission to Switzerland. Swiss regulation differentiates between recognised refugees, temporarily admitted refugees External link and temporarily admitted persons.
Refugees and provisionally admitted foreign nationals receiving social assistance may be obliged to participate in integration or job-training programmes. If they do not do so without good reason, social assistance benefits may be reduced.
Applicants are not allowed to work during the first three months after filing an asylum application. This can be extended to six months. In line with the Swiss constitution, asylum seekers who had their asylum request rejected or dismissed have the right to obtain emergency aid until their departure. This content was published on Feb 4, Feb 4, On a cold, winter evening, a large family gathers in an apartment in the centre of St Gallen. There are a dozen or so - uncles, aunts, cousins For the entire duration of the asylum procedure, asylum seekers may not bring family members to Switzerland.
Recognised refugees holding a B or C permit may bring family members if there are no grounds to prevent them from doing so. Recognised refugees who are granted an F permit temporarily admitted persons must wait at least three years before submitting an application for family reunification for their children under 18 and their spouse.
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Chrome Firefox Edge. More More. How the Swiss asylum system works This content was published on May 6, May 6, Switzerland has a long humanitarian tradition but who can apply for asylum in the country and how? Tale of Swiss-based Syrian torture survivor highlights Dublin flaws This content was published on Dec 13, Dec 13, Jalal last saw his youngest son was when the boy was a baby. Here, but facing an uncertain future This content was published on Feb 4, Feb 4, On a cold, winter evening, a large family gathers in an apartment in the centre of St Gallen.
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An application for asylum is any declaration made by a foreign person indicating that he or she is seeking, in Switzerland, protection from persecution. Without an asylum application there can be no asylum procedure. In contrast to the asylum procedure, no formal criteria apply to the application itself. It can be submitted orally or in writing. Nov 30, · Application for asylum: A person can apply for asylum in a federal asylum centre with processing facilities, at a Swiss border or during the border control at an international airport in Switzerland. T The Swiss asylum procedure is organised as a single procedure. Oct 10, · Swiss asylum procedure The process starts with a verbal or written request for asylum either at the border or in a reception center in Switzerland. Applications from abroad are no longer allowed. Within a fortnight, the first interview takes datingusaforall.com: Marion Macgregor.
The new asylum procedure came into force in Switzerland in March From this point on, procedures are accelerated and decentralised into federal asylum centres. Asylum seekers processed under the new procedures also receive advice and legal representation. All asylum applications submitted by An application for asylum is any declaration made by a foreign person indicating that he or she is seeking, in Switzerland, protection from persecution.
Without an asylum application there can be no asylum procedure. In contrast to the asylum procedure, no formal criteria apply to the application itself. It can be submitted orally or in writing. The option to submit an asylum application at a Swiss embassy in another country was abolished in The humanitarian visa offers a possibility to enter Switzerland for humanitarian reasons.
This type of visa application is usually only possible in the country of origin, not in third countries. In practice, Switzerland issues very few humanitarian visa regulation and interprets the criteria in a very narrow way: the person must be under an immediate, serious and real threat to life and limb.
The resettlement program is also possible for selected groups of people from certain regions of the world. In these cases, the State Secretariat for Migration first decides whether to grant, or provisionally refuse, entry into Switzerland.
Under the airport procedure, the asylum and appeal procedures can be carried out in the airport's transit area. The preparatory phase lasts 10 days under the Dublin procedure and 21 days under all other procedures.
Fingerprints are taken and compared with the European database and other biometric data is also collected. The SEM checks the evidence, i. Medical facts are clarified if a person claims to have health issues.
In the preparatory phase, asylum seekers are given free advice about the steps involved in the asylum procedure as well as their rights and obligations, all during a one-on-one interview.
Asylum seekers are also able to ask the advisory staff questions and request further information at an assistance desk. The first interview with the legal representative is used to establish mutual trust and prepare for the initial procedural steps. If the asylum seeker is an unaccompanied minor, the first step in the procedure is a brief initial interview.
The vast majority of adult asylum seekers undergo a Dublin interview. During this interview, the SEM examines whether another State is responsible for processing the asylum application under the Dublin system.
This responsibility can be determined via fingerprints taken in another State, statements made by the asylum seeker during the interview as well as previous visas. During the interview, the asylum seeker is given an opportunity to express his or her views and will also be asked whether there are grounds for not transferring him or her to the State responsible for processing their application called the 'right to be heard'.
The initial interview and the Dublin interview are the asylum seeker's first official interviews with the SEM. After the Dublin interview, the SEM decides whether to examine the content of the asylum application. A take-over request is submitted if it is found that this examination is the responsibility of another European State. If the other State is prepared to examine the asylum application, or does not reply within a given time period, this State will be responsible for the asylum application.
Switzerland generally has six months to perform the transfer. If a person disappears, the period is extended to 18 months. If Switzerland is not responsible for examining the asylum application, the SEM rejects the application or issues a so-called non-admission decision NEE. In certain cases, Switzerland may, for humanitarian reasons, declare itself responsible and assume responsibility for examining the asylum application.
Switzerland is obliged to examine the application itself if systemic flaws mean that the person is threatened with inhumane or degrading treatment in the other Dublin State.
A non-admission decision is also taken if the asylum seeker is able to return to a so-called safe third country e. If Switzerland is responsible for examining an asylum application, the SEM initiates the national accelerated asylum procedure. Under the accelerated procedure, asylum seekers can describe their reasons for flight in detail during a hearing and provide the authorities with evidence police summons, court decisions, medical certificates, photos, newspaper articles, etc.
All relevant issues must be examined. The hearing and any possible evidence are used to determine the asylum decision. The SEM hearing occurs in the presence of the asylum seeker's legal representative. After the interview, the authority examines whether the asylum seeker meets the status of a refugee, whether he or she will be granted asylum or whether there are other reasons why the person is unable to return to his or her home country or country of origin.
If the facts are clear, an asylum decision will be made within eight working days at the federal asylum centre. Asylum seekers whose applications for asylum cannot be decided straight after the interview because further clarification is required will be assigned to the extended procedure. The Federal government assigns these persons to a canton, which is responsible for their accommodation and care throughout the procedure. During this procedure, the asylum seeker can seek support from a designated legal advice centre in the same canton.
In exceptional cases, if a special relationship of trust exists, the legal representation of the Federal Asylum Center remains responsible. This extended procedure lasts for a maximum of one year and ends once an asylum decision has been issued. If the decision is positive, the person is recognised as a refugee and granted asylum. He or she may stay in Switzerland and receives a B permit. If the decision is negative, the person must leave Switzerland, unless there are obstacles to removal.
In this case, the person is issued with a residence permit as a provisionally admitted as foreigner or refugee. If the asylum procedure was only submitted for economic or medical reasons, or if the person falls under the responsibility of another State, the SEM issues a non-admission decision with expulsion from Switzerland. More information on asylum status can be found here. If a person has not been granted protection, he or she may appeal to the Federal Administrative Court within the appeal time limit.
Under the Dublin and accelerated procedures, while in a federal asylum centre, the asylum seeker can be represented by their assigned legal representative, unless the legal representative decides to terminate their role because the appeal has little chance of success.
With the extended procedure, free legal representation is not provided for appeals. The asylum seeker or a representative, such as an employee of the legal advice centre, can apply for free legal assistance and representation in the event of an appeal. The time limit for appeal is five working days under the Dublin procedures and seven working days under the accelerated procedures.
Once the asylum application has been submitted, the preparatory phase begins. A decision is then taken on whether to apply the Dublin procedure or the accelerated procedure.
The SEM has various options when it comes to asylum-status determination. View all topics. Reject Accept.
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