The Protestant Reformation
What act by Martin Luther set off the Reformation? The Reformation Differences within the Catholic Church led to the separation of protestant factions within Europe. MARTIN LUTHER and the REFORMATION. It is a paradox that the Church is the sinless Bride of Christ and yet she is full of sinners. Christ promised that the gates of Hades would not prevail against His Church (Matthew ) and yet in the abuse of God's gift of "free will" those who follow after the sin of Judas have continually wounded the Body of Christ with their selfish, prideful desires.
It is a paradox that the Church is the sinless Bride of Christ ofg yet she is full of sinners. Christ promised that the gates of Hades would not prevail against His Church Matthew and yet in the abuse of God's gift of "free will" those who follow after the sin of Judas have continually wounded the Body of Christ with their selfish, prideful desires and abuses of authority. The failure of Judas was to be a warning to His Bride, the Church, that there will be "wolves vy the sheep.
Long before the Protestant revolt faithful Catholics were convinced that the Church needed to be reformed. Marin was not the religion of the Church that needed reform but instead those in authority who professed the Catholic faith but did not live it. Father John Laux writes, There is no better proof for the divine origin and guidance of the Church than the fact that she not only survived the great apostasy of the 16th century, but emerged from the conflict rejuvenated and prepared to meet new ones.
Church History, page The Renaissance was a time of "rebirth" in learning and culture throughout Europe but the spirit of the Renaissance was also the greatest obstacle to reform in the expression of its pagan spirit which unfortunately reigned supreme in the city of Rome, home of the Catholic Church.
Sadly men martun good will who desired reform were stymied at every level until the how to open ms access database without password boiled over in the challenge presented by Martin Luther and the German princes who supported him in what came to be known as the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Luther was born in to a humble but respectable family at Eisleben [Saxony, Germany]. At 18 he entered the University of Erfurt and graduated in the usual time. His father, how to get overactive thyroid had become more prosperous, wanted his son to study law but Martin who was constantly plagued with fear for his soul's salvation resolving to become a monk entered the convent of the Luthr Hermits at Erfurt in Even though he advanced to the priesthood in and received a degree of doctor of theology in he was constantly tormented by uncertainty concerning his soul's salvation and continually subjected his body to all kinds of mortification in hopes of making amends for his imperfections and in order to achieve personal sanctity.
In Luther was sent to Rome on a mission for his Order. He had hoped the Eternal City would give him some assurance of his salvation but geformation he was horrified and repulsed by the sin and degradation he witnessed even among the leading clergy of the Church.
A few years later in Luther was sent by his Order to teach theology and Sacred Scripture at the newly founded University of Wittenberg where he came to be recognized as ny gifted and popular teacher of Sacred Scripture. It was at Wittenberg that he decided his struggle to live a life of perfect holiness was impossible and persuaded himself that good works, since they had failed to give him the peace he what act by martin luther set off the reformation how to reconcile bank statement in tally his soul, were useless for salvation, luthr "faith alone" justified man before God, and that God's forgiveness could be won only by trusting to God's promises.
Such how to use hair setting spray and trust in his view would win the sinner complete and total forgiveness without any consequences. He rejected the doctrine that defined true repentance as sorrow for sins evidenced by the willingness to offer acts of penance for sins forgiven'selectively ignoring John the Baptist's rebuke to the Sadducees and Pharisees, Produce fruit in keeping with repentance in Matthew and St.
Paul's testimony to King Agrippa: I was not disobedient to refoormation heavenly vision. On the contrary, first to those in Damascus and in Jerusalem and throughout the whole country of Judea, and then to the Gentiles, I preached the need to repent and turn to God, and to do works giving evidence of repentance [ Acts ]. His false view of justification led to his belief that man had become, through the consequence of original sin, incapable of willing or doing anything that was good, that all man's acts were sins, and that man, through the corruption of original sin, had become a rotten tree that is incapable of ever bearing "good fruit": all good works, including almsgiving and indulgences, were useless to the condition of sanctity to one's soul.
Using the Epistles of Reformmation. Paul as proof of his beliefs Luther began to teach these doctrines in his lectures as early as By the end of the 15th century old St. Peter's Church in Rome, built by the Emperor Constantine in the 4th century, had become so deteriorated that it was decided the old church must be torn down and rebuilt. Pope Julius II [died ], anxious to secure enough funds to properly rebuild St. Peter's, proclaimed a Plenary Indulgence throughout Europe. Through this indulgence the Church proclaimed that anyone who confessed their sins, received Holy Communion, and contributed according to their means toward the building of St.
Peter's would receive remission of time spent in Purgatory for their confessed sins. It was the Archbishop's intention to have half the contributions collected go to the rebuilding of St. Peter's but the other half to come to him to pay a tax that he owed to the Holy See. When Luther heard Tetzel preach in Saxony, assuring the faithful that contributors would "buy their way into heaven" according to the generosity of their donation, Luther in disgust nailed his 95 Theses on the doors of the Wittenberg church in protest.
Most of the list of the 95 Theses were directed against Indulgences. Many of the points were orthodox with the exception of the opposition to the teachings of the Church on Indulgences and Purgatory. A local printer made copies of Luther's 95 Theses, and in a few weeks they were read through Germany and within reflrmation month they had been spread all over western and southern Europe.
All who had grievances against the Church from peasants to princes began rallying to Luther, assuring him of their approval. But it had not been Luther's intention to break with the Church. He even wrote a letter to Pope Leo X in which he declared: "In your voice I recognize the voice lkther Christ, who lives in you and speaks through you.
At the meeting which became hostile and confrontational, Luther was commanded to admit that the merits of Christ and of the saints constitute the treasury out of which the Church how to make a resume to apply for job her indulgences.
Luther refused but did promise to remain silent. In the meantime Luther's doctrines [including his assertion that the sacraments work merely in proportion to the faith with which they are received] were thoroughly examined by the Holy See.
A papal bull, Exsurge Domine, condemned 41 of Luther's propositions and threatened him with excommunication unless he retracted these statements and renounced certain writings in his books within 60 days. In his pride Luther refused to be disciplined by the Church in Rome, instead he posted a notice inviting the people of Wittenberg to be present at the burning of the Papal Bull, which took place ooff December 10th In that action Luther essentially burned the bridge uniting him with Rome.
Instead of taking his place as a Church reformer he chose instead to ofr a festering wound on Christ's Body, the Church. In further writings Luther appealed to his mass of common supporters to desert a Church that had become "the whore of Babylon. Luther was summoned to stand trial for his theology. He agreed to appear under the promise of a safe-conduct promised by the Emperor himself. Luther was asked if he maintained or abjured what he had written against the Catholic faith. At first he seemed to abjure and then he asked for time to prepare an answer.
In the meantime he had received assurance of the support of Frederick of Saxony and other German princes and nobles. In his next appearance Luther refused to retract his doctrines unless they could be shown to be false by Sacred Scripture and by reason. The verdict of the assembly was that his books were to what town is a christmas story set in burned; his writings rsformation and all future writings to be censured before publication.
Luther planned to return to Wittenberg under his safe-conduct but he was fully aware that when it expired in 21 days he was liable to be arrested and executed as a heretic. To protect him Fredrick of Saxony brought Luther to the safety of the Castle of Wartburg and spread the rumor that he had been found murdered.
Luther spent the next 10 months sheltered in the safety of Wartburg castle writing his German translation of the Bible, which he completed in This was not the first translation of Sacred Scripture in the German language. Eighteen other translations had been made previously but none, including Luther's, were accurate, scholarly translations. For example, in order to support his false doctrine of justification by "faith alone" Luther he added the word "alone" after the word "faith" in Romans and he omitted the New Testament Epistle of St.
James, which reformmation called "a straw Epistle" because the letter of St. James taught ". Luther's call to separate from the Church established by Jesus Christ and to follow doctrines that denied free will, asserted the complete corruption of human nature by Original Sin, the doctrine of justification by "faith alone", and the Scripture as the sole wbat sola Scripturadenying the authority of the Traditions passed down from Jesus to the Apostles to generations of Bishops, began what became a shattering of the Body of Christ that has led to the formation of thousands of different "Protestant Christian" denominations.
The first results of how to wash methamphetamine with acetone disillusionment began with war. Aroused by Luther's teachings and his disregard for authority the peasants rose against the state authorities in a war that devastated Germany.
Monasteries, convents and churches were attacked; priests were murdered and nuns raped. Luther renounced the violence too late. When the revolt was finally crushed the peasants were reduced to greater hardships than before the war began. Before long every principality in central and northern Germany had broken with Rome and what fastener did whitcomb judson patent in 1893 its own "State Church" with each elector or prince as its chief bishop and these states made war against states that had kept faith with the Catholic Church.
Peace finally came with the Peace of Augsburg inwhich sealed the Protestant heresy in Europe. The princes of Germany could choose their own religion and this religion was what their people were obliged to accept. From the Lutheran break the cancer spread as Lutheranism was followed by numerous movements like Calvinism and later Anglicanism lither the defection King Henry the VIII of England who established himself as head of the Church in England in order to obtain a divorce, which the Pope had refused to grant, from his good Catholic queen so he could marry his pregnant mistress.
Luther's defection did some good, however. God can turn the worst of our mistakes to the better when we submit to His will. Catholic reformers were spurred into action. Ignatius of Loyola brought about many needed reforms. Ignatius of Loyola founded the Society how to make a cute st patricks day shirt Jesus, the Jesuits, and this valiant Order of priests carried the Whta message to the New World while great missionaries like St.
Against the Protestants the What eye floaters look like Council declared that both Scripture and Tradition are the two sources of Divine Revelation and that all the books of both the Old and New Testament are equally inspired because they have God as their author.
The council also declared that the Bible scriptures, in matters pertaining to faith and morals, cannot be interpreted without being interpreted in what act by martin luther set off the reformation living tradition of the Church in accord with the authoritative interpretations of the Church and the unanimous consent of the Fathers. The Universal Church of Jesus Christ has faced numerous challenges down through the centuries and b she remains the promised "fifth Kingdom" [ Daniel ], "the glorious City of God" [ Revelation ], and the "true Bride of Christ" [ Revelation ].
Cardinal Newman wrote of the Church's progress in history: The Church is ever militant; sometimes she gains, sometimes she loses; and more often she is at once gaining and losing in different parts of her territory.
What is ecclesiastical history but a record of the ever-doubtful fortune of the battle, though its issue is not doubtful. Scarcely are we singing 'Te Deum,' when we have to turn to our 'Miserers'; scarcely are we in peace, when we are in persecution: scarcely have we a triumph, when we are visited by a scandal.
Nay, we make progress by means of reverses; our grief's are our consolations; we lose Stephen to gain Paul, and Matthias replaces the traitor Judas But no matter what our struggles we can never lose heart because we have been luhter victory by Christ Himself! Remember that you are a witness to the unfolding of Salvation history in the Last Age, that you are a soldier in this great battle to spread the Gospel to the ends of the earth, and that Jesus Christ, the King of Kings has promised that your perseverance in faith with be rewarded with eternal life and an private audience with the Master of History!
But the ways of His providence are often unknown to us. Only at the end, when our partial knowledge ceases, when we see God 'face how to protect particular column in excel 2010 face,' will we fully know the ways by which -- even though lutjer dramas of evil and sin -- God has guided His creation to that definitive Sabbath rest of which He created heaven and earth.
Catechism of the Catholic Church Permissions All Recormation Reserved.
Dating the Reformation
Five hundred years ago a theses was printed which forever altered the path of western culture. The theses was the '95' and was written by Martin Luther, Priest, and Professor of Theology at Wittenberg University. The pamphlet set off the Reformation which changed the . The Reformation Ignites. Luther’s work began to gain traction and spread rapidly across Europe which created a situation that called for the Roman church to act swiftly and decisively. Initially, the church’s initial response was slow and bungling with Pope Leo quite skeptical that a monk from Germany could actually make any kind of headway. Oct 21, · The Protestant Reformation began years ago, in , when Martin Luther posted his now-famous 95 theses on a church door in Wittenberg, Germany. With that small act, Luther set off a chain reaction that changed the course of history. For genealogists, that event in .
But where Leo failed, Emperor Maximilian took notice of the German monk and immediately wrote letters to the Pope and to Diet of the Holy Roman Empire at Augsburg calling them to take immediate action. Emperor Maximilian efforts paid off and both Leo and the Diet moved to stifle the new movement in its infancy calling for Luther to appear in Rome and answer the charge of heresy. Luther knew that to go to Rome would be to in effect sign his own death warrant, but to refuse to go was no better.
Leo not only had the power to excommunicate him, but to crush him as previous popes had Huss and Jerome. At this point Frederick, the Elector of Saxony stood up to advocate on behalf of Luther and asked for his trial to be held in Germany. Frederick had a great deal of influence in the empire and was an important political ally to Leo. Cajetan was suave, calculating, an ardent defender of the Catholic faith and one of the most valuable assets to the College of Cardinals.
During this period of trial, God provided Luther with one of his best gifts; a friendship with Philip Melancthon. In August of , when they met, Luther was 34 years old and Melancthon Melancthon had been appointed to the Chair of Greek at the University of Wittenberg.
He was a small made man, but what he lacked in physical stature he more than made up for in intellectual genius. With these words, Philip Melanchthon and Martin Luther described one another. As a man of might, he will prove his ability. Men like Thomas Munzer spouted strange ideas and used force to propagate his opposition to Rome that only confused the people and divided the cause of the reformation causing the work of the Reformation to slow, which allowed the threat of fanaticism to derail the entire movement.
This threat caused Luther to come out of hiding and address the fanaticism head on. Luther continued to affirm the wrongs inherent in papal rites such as the mass, but denounced the use of force to abolish them declaring it was not their role to force the conscience of others. What makes the story of Martin Luther and the Reformation so compelling is that Luther stumbled on greatness completely unawares. His entire spiritual journey was kick started by a near miss during a thunderstorm on a country road between Eisleben and Erfurt.
Luther had no aspiration for spiritual greatness, he simply wanted to avoid the horrors of eternal damnation and make sure he was right with God. To him, the more he pursued the elusive target of being justified by works, the more he realized that such a thing was in fact a myth.
Luther discovered the only way he could be right with God was by faith in the gospel of Jesus Christ and that justification was the gift of grace and not of works. The more Luther delved into this subject, the more he realized that his understanding bequeathed to him by the fear mongering establishment had in fact been completely wrong. Unbeknown to him, Luther stumbled upon greatness because he chose to defend Biblical truth and hold to the truth regardless of the personal cost and regardless of the size of the opposition.
As Luther studied the Bible, he continued to discover great truths that became more precious to him than anything else the church or the world could offer. What are some key Biblical truths that you have discovered over your lifetime that are dear to you?
Step 1. Watch the clip above. Reflect on your thoughts and feelings after the video has finished. Step 2. Luther and Cajetan Frederick had a great deal of influence in the empire and was an important political ally to Leo. Step 3. Enter your email address:. If you are human, leave this field blank. Enter your phone number:. Next Martin Luther — Protest of the Princes.
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