2009 H1N1 Flu ("Swine Flu") and You
Jul 24, · Human seasonal flu vaccine will not protect against commonly circulating swine influenza viruses, but prescription influenza antiviral drugs can treat infections with these viruses in people. For more information, visit Stay Healthy at Animal Exhibits. Page last reviewed: July 24, If you are a parent, this illness should especially concern you because young children are the most vulnerable. Fortunately, you can take steps to prevent yourself from contracting this parasite. If you do the following 3 things, your risk of getting swine flu can be reduced significantly: Practice Good Sanitation Habits.
The outbreak of swine flu all over the world what is the meaning of fullest become a deep concern to all. Although reports of its occurrence have waned since the last two months, still it is a big threat to the populace, and chances are that many people would be affected by it during the normal flu season.
Taking this into account, you should avoid the following things to prevent its occurrence. Although researches are going on, how to write the story vaccination against the swine flu is yet to come.
But you should take the seasonal flu vaccination in time, as it can be fatal for people with a weak immune system. Children and older people are also at a higher risk. As per the CDC, more thanpeople get hospitalized and around 36, people succumb to the seasonal flu every year in the US. So, do get vaccinated against it but to be protected against the swine flu, you would have to wait till it is discovered.
It is still unclear whether the mask helps in preventing exposure to the seasonal influenza virus or H1N1. As per the CDC, both the face and the respirator fitted on the face may not be fully effective in preventing them. So, in general, the CDC does not encourage wearing them. But people who need to visit crowded places; where there is a known occurrence of swine flu and caregivers for flue patients may use them. Sometimes, swine parties are arranged where the guest of honor is someone, who is already affected by the swine flu.
The party is organized with the hope that people who attend it would have a mild effect of the swine flu virus and in turn, would gain immunity against what makes a pretzel taste like a pretzel. But this, in fact, could be a stupid idea, as you never know whether the effects of the swine flu virus would be mild or fatal. Hence, the CDC discourages such things. Many schools were closed due to the outbreak of the swine flu last spring.
That could happen again after the reopening of the schools. Similarly, employees should take up the issues with their employers what is the meaning of torah advance, with regards to the sick leaves or leave for caregiving in case of any swine flu what is a quilt cover set. You should keep ready things like disinfectant tissues, soaps and medicinal hand wash at your homes.
The swine flu virus can remain on various articles in the house. So, clean the household things like the door handles, toys, books, teacups, phones, utensils, etc. According to the CDC, it is better to dry the clothes of somebody, who is affected by the swine flu through the drier of the washing machine in a hot setting.
Avoid any close contact with them before washing them. Take care to wash your hands with the help of soap, water, and an alcohol-based disinfectant after any exposure to dirty clothes. Follow all the recommended precautions against swine flu diligently.
Although the reported deaths have come down of late, the virus is still around and according to the CDC, more cases of deaths due to swine flu might occur in the future. According to the U. It is recommended by the NHS that the tissues used during sneezing or coughing should be disposed of after single use. But this situation may worsen any time and doctors and health officials what channel is tnt on comcast in dc that the virus could become more active in the future.
How to conference with skype would account for more severe cases of swine flu infections, which would lead to more hospitalizations and deaths.
Chan also enunciated that some of the fatality also occurred amongst absolutely healthy and young people. The reason for this is still to be fully understood. Although some of the symptoms may look pretty innocuous, they still can be the symptoms of swine flu.
These can be fever, running nose, headache, body ache, cough, sore throat, vomiting, and diarrhea, etc. It is better to stay inside the home, lest you might infect other people. You can take the medications and avoid going out even for important appointments like going to work, school, and other needs. In case of any chances of children being infected with the swine flu virus, the CDC recommends to look for the following symptoms:. The CDC also recommends possible symptoms of swine flu infections in the case of adults as follows:.
Enlighten your children about the symptoms as well as the prevention of swine flu infections. The precautions recommended for the children are also similar to that of the adults. They include the use of tissues while coughing and sneezing, washing hands with disinfectants, keeping away from sick people, and staying inside in case of any symptoms.
Best Ways to Avoid Swine Flu
Best And Effective Ways To Prevent Swine Flu | Herbal Supplements. The swine-flu virus can survive on a desk or a doorknob for two to eight hours after it lands there, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That's why hand-washing — and.
Content on this page was developed during the H1N1 pandemic and has not been updated. This new virus was first detected in people in the United States in April This virus is spreading from person-to-person worldwide, probably in much the same way that regular seasonal influenza viruses spread. But further study has shown that the H1N1 is very different from what normally circulates in North American pigs. It has two genes from flu viruses that normally circulate in pigs in Europe and Asia and bird avian genes and human genes.
Scientists call this a "quadruple reassortant" virus. In fact, the H1N1 virus is the predominant influenza virus in circulation so far during the flu season. The United States experienced its first wave of H1N1 activity in the spring of , followed by a second wave in the fall, with the number of people infected peaking at the end of October. There are still uncertainties surrounding the rest of this flu season, including the possibility that seasonal influenza viruses will spread during the winter as they usually do while H1N1 viruses continue to cause illness.
In the past, when new viruses have emerged to cause flu pandemics, the new virus has continued to spread among people. More information about the selection of the viruses for the Northern Hemisphere flu vaccine is available. CDC routinely works with states to collect, compile and analyze information about influenza, and has done the same for the H1N1 virus since the beginning of the outbreak. This information is presented in a weekly report, called FluView. Spread of the H1N1 virus is thought to occur in the same way that seasonal flu spreads.
Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through coughing, sneezing or talking by people with influenza. Sometimes people may become infected by touching something — such as a surface or object — with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose. Getting infected with any influenza virus, including H1N1, should cause your body to develop immune resistance to that virus so it's not likely that a person would be infected with the identical influenza virus more than once.
However, people with weakened immune systems might not develop full immunity after infection and might be more likely to get infected with the same influenza virus more than once.
However, it's also possible that a person could have a positive test result for flu infection more than once in an influenza season. This can occur for two reasons:. Joe Bresee describes how to keep from getting the flu, and spreading it to others.
The symptoms of H1N1 flu virus in people include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea.
People may be infected with the flu, including H1N1 and have respiratory symptoms without a fever. Severe illnesses and deaths have occurred as a result of illness associated with this virus. Illness with H1N1 virus has ranged from mild to severe. While most people who have been sick have recovered without needing medical treatment, hospitalizations and deaths from infection with this virus have occurred. This includes people 65 years and older, children younger than five years old, pregnant women, and people of any age with certain chronic medical conditions.
This includes pregnancy, diabetes, heart disease, asthma and kidney disease. Young children are also at high risk of serious complications from H1N1, just as they are from seasonal flu. CDC laboratory studies have shown that no children and very few adults younger than 60 years old have existing antibody to the H1N1 flu virus; however, about one-third of adults older than 60 may have antibodies against this virus. It is unknown how much, if any, protection may be afforded against H1N1 flu by any existing antibody.
Most people who get the flu either seasonal or H1N1 will have mild illness, will not need medical care or antiviral drugs, and will recover in less than two weeks. Some people, however, are more likely to get flu complications that result in being hospitalized and occasionally result in death. Pneumonia , bronchitis, sinus infections and ear infections are examples of flu-related complications.
The flu can also make chronic health problems worse. For example, people with asthma may experience asthma attacks while they have the flu, and people with chronic congestive heart failure may have worsening of this condition that is triggered by the flu.
The list below includes the groups of people more likely to get flu-related complications if they get sick from influenza. Flu seasons vary in terms of timing, duration and severity. Seasonal influenza can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. Each year, in the United States, on average 36, people die from flu-related complications and more than , people are hospitalized from flu-related causes.
Of those hospitalized, 20, are children younger than 5 years old. CDC estimates of the numbers of H1N1 cases, hospitalizations and deaths are that people younger than 65 years of age are more severely affected by H1N1 flu relative to people 65 and older compared with seasonal flu.
However, because severe illness and deaths have occurred among people 65 and older and because supplies of H1N1 vaccine have increased dramatically, CDC is now encouraging all people 6 months and older, including people older than 65, to get vaccinated against H1N1. People infected with seasonal and H1N1 flu shed virus and may be able to infect others from 1 day before getting sick to 5 to 7 days after.
This can be longer in some people, especially children and people with weakened immune systems and in people infected with H1N1 viruses. Take 60 seconds to watch this reminder on why vaccination is so important. Joe Bresee describes how to keep from getting the flu, and spreading it to others by taking these three steps.
What can I do to protect myself from getting sick? A flu vaccine is by far the most important step in protecting against flu infection. There are also everyday actions that can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like the flu.
Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it. If you are sick with flu-like illness, CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. Put your used tissue in the waste basket. Then, clean your hands, and do so every time you cough or sneeze. Employees who are well but who have an ill family member at home with H1N1 flu can go to work as usual. These employees should monitor their health every day, and take everyday precautions including covering their coughs and sneezes and washing their hands often with soap and water, especially after they cough or sneeze.
If soap and water are not available, they should use an alcohol-based hand rub. Employees who have an underlying medical condition or who are pregnant should call their health care provider for advice, because they might need to receive influenza antiviral drugs. Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. CDC recommends that when you wash your hands -- with soap and warm water -- that you wash for 15 to 20 seconds. When soap and water are not available, alcohol-based disposable hand wipes or gel sanitizers may be used.
If using gel, rub your hands until the gel is dry. The gel doesn't need water to work; the alcohol in it kills the germs on your hands. A downloadable flyer containing this information also is available. Fever can be one of the symptoms of a flu-like illness for many people.
A fever is an oral temperature of at least degrees Fahrenheit Signs of a fever include chills, a flushed appearance, feeling very warm, or sweating.
Fever-reducing medicines typically contain acetaminophen such as Tylenol or ibuprofen such as Motrin. These medicines can both help bring fever down and relieve pain. To help avoid spreading the flu, if you have a fever, stay at home for at least 24 hours after you no longer have a fever or signs of a fever.
However, if you're taking fever-reducing medicines, you cannot tell if your fever is truly gone. Therefore, when you start to feel better, increase the interval between doses of fever-reducing medicines and continue to monitor your temperature to make sure your fever does not return.
Joe Bresee describes the main symptoms of flu, including H1N1 flu, and when it is serious enough to seek medical help. In children:.
Joe Bresee explains the nature of antiviral drugs and how they are used. The intent of these parties is for a person to become infected with what for many people has been a mild disease, in the hope of having natural immunity H1N1 flu virus that might circulate later and cause more severe disease. CDC does not recommend "swine flu parties" as a way to protect against H1N1 flu in the future. While the disease seen in the current H1N1 flu outbreak has been mild for many people, it has been severe and even fatal for others.
There is no way to predict with certainty what the outcome will be for an individual or, equally important, for others to whom the intentionally infected person may spread the virus. Vaccination against H1N1 with a H1N1 vaccine is the best way to protect against this virus.
CDC recommends that people with H1N1 flu avoid contact with others as much as possible. Studies have shown that influenza virus can survive on environmental surfaces and can infect a person for 2 to 8 hours after being deposited on the surface. In addition, several chemical germicides, including chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, detergents soap , iodophors iodine-based antiseptics , and alcohols are effective against human influenza viruses if used in proper concentration for a sufficient length of time.
If soap and water are not available and alcohol-based products are not allowed, other hand sanitizers that do not contain alcohol may be useful. Germs can be spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.
Droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person move through the air. Germs can be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets from another person on a surface like a desk, for example, and then touches their own eyes, mouth or nose before washing their hands. To prevent the spread of influenza virus, it is recommended that tissues and other disposable items used by an infected person be thrown in the trash. Additionally, persons should wash their hands with soap and water after touching used tissues and similar waste.
To prevent the spread of influenza virus it is important to keep surfaces especially bedside tables, surfaces in the bathroom, kitchen counters and toys for children clean by wiping them down with a household disinfectant according to directions on the product label. Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who are sick do not need to be cleaned separately, but importantly these items should not be shared without washing thoroughly first.
Linens such as bed sheets and towels should be washed by using household laundry soap and tumbled dry on a hot setting. Individuals should avoid "hugging" laundry prior to washing it to prevent contaminating themselves. Individuals should wash their hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub immediately after handling dirty laundry. You cannot get infected with HIN1 from eating pork or pork products.
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