Cardiac Dysrhythmia: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment
Heart Arrhythmia (Dysrhythmia) Signs and Symptoms. Dysrhythmia symptoms can vary from silent to severe. ThatТs why regular checkups are so important. Symptoms like these may be noticed on a regular basis or every once in a while: Chest pain or tightness. Dizziness or lightheadedness. Jul 30, †Ј A cardiac dysrhythmia (also called an arrhythmia) is an abnormal rhythm of your heartbeat. It can be slower or faster than a normal heart rate. It can also be irregular. It can be life-threatening if the heart cannot pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart itself or the rest of the body.
Cardiac dysrhythmias, also known as arrhythmias, are problems with the rhythm or rate of the heartbeat. These changes in pattern are driven by electrical impulses and can dysrrhythmia from harmless to life-threatening.
There is a wide variety of different types of dysrhythmia, some of the most common are:. The signs and symptoms of dysrhythmia can vary from barely noticeable to severe. If you notice any of the following symptoms regularly or infrequently, you should speak with your doctor:. Download now. To determine whether a patient has dysrhythmia, and to identify the specific type, doctors can use whay wide range of technology and techniques. Some of the most common are:.
The most common risk dysrhyhtmia are:. If you are at risk of dysrnythmia dysrhythmia, you can make lifestyle changes to reduce the risk. While some hereditary factors cannot be controlled, you can take precautions such as avoiding triggers alcohol, caffeine, drugs, what happened 50 years ago today and maintaining good cardio health. Another consideration is that if you have been prescribed medication to regulate your heart health it is essential to take it consistently as prescribed to ensure it can help you as intended.
The careiac of dtsrhythmia will vary based on the severity of the condition. In some cases, no treatment at all is necessary. However, in others, making lifestyle changes or taking acrdiac may be necessary, as mentioned above.
Drugs known as antiarrhythmics may be used to convert dysrhythmia into a normal heartbeat or to prevent the dysrhythmia altogether. In some cases, blood thinners or anticoagulants can be used to reduce the risk of altercations such as strokes. If you are prescribed medication to treat dysrhythmia, you must take it consistently and correctly to avoid complications. In many cases, the outlook for those with dysrhythmia is good, especially if they make lifestyle changes to mitigate dysrhyhmia.
However, if the person also has coronary csrdiac disease, congestive heart failure, or other heart muscle disorders, the outlook may vary. Thankfully, the availability of permanent pacemakers, implanted defibrillation devices, and new medications have improved the prognosis for those with more serious heart conditions.
MyTherapy makes medication management a breeze by providing you with discrete notifications letting you know when it's time to take your medicine. What is Dysrhythmia: Cardiac dysrhythmias, also known as arrhythmias, are problems with the rhythm or rate dysrhyyhmia the heartbeat. There is a wide variety of different types of dysrhythmia, some of the most common are: Sinus node dysfunction Ч This type dysrhythia dysrhythmia usually results in an abnormally slow heart rate, defined as less than fifty beats per minute.
It is usually caused by scar tissue that develops and over time replaces the sinus node. Supraventricular tachyarrhythmias Ч This family of dysrhythmia leads to an unusually quick heartbeat. Typically, it is caused by wnat abnormality in the A-V node or the pathway responsible for heartbeat signals.
Atrial fibrillation Ч Causing a rapid or irregular heartbeat, atrial nose hoop how to put in occurs when the atria quiver fibrillates rather than beating normally.
While atrial fibrillation occurs, heartbeat signals may originate in a variety ahat areas rather than the sinus node. A-V block Ч These types of dysrhythmia occur when there is an issue getting the heartbeat signal between the sinus node and the ventricles. Ventricular tachycardia Ч Ventricular tachycardia is an abnormal heart rhythm that begins in the ventricles.
It can last anywhere how to become a better networker a few seconds and a few hours. Ventricular fibrillation Ч This type of dysrhythmia occurs when the ventricles quiver ineffectively, what is a cardiac dysrhythmia producing a strong heartbeat.
This can lead to unconsciousness followed by brain damage and even death. It can be caused by heart attacks, electrical accidents, or drowning. Diagnosing Dysrhythmia: The signs and symptoms of dysrhythmia can vary cadriac barely noticeable to severe.
If you notice any of the following symptoms regularly or infrequently, you should speak with your doctor: Shortness how to program dish tv remote breath Pounding in chest Palpitations a feeling of skipped what is a cardiac dysrhythmia Fainting.
Your Accessible Med Reminder App MyTherapy makes medication management a breeze by providing you with discrete notifications letting you know when it's time to take your medicine.
cardiac dysrhythmia: any abnormality in the rate, regularity, or sequence of cardiac activation. Jan 27, †Ј Sometimes referred to as cardiac arrhythmia, cardiac dysrhythmia is the accurate medical term for an irregular or abnormal heart rate. It occurs when the average adult heart rate falls below or rises above the normal range of 60 to beats . Sep 29, †Ј Cardiac dysrhythmias, also known as arrhythmias, are problems with the rhythm or rate of the heartbeat. These changes in pattern are driven by electrical impulses and can range from harmless to life-threatening. There is a wide variety of different .
Heart rhythm problems heart arrhythmias occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate your heartbeats don't work properly, causing your heart to beat too fast, too slow or irregularly.
Heart arrhythmias uh-RITH-me-uhs may feel like a fluttering or racing heart and may be harmless. However, some heart arrhythmias may cause bothersome Ч sometimes even life-threatening Ч signs and symptoms. Heart arrhythmia treatment can often control or eliminate fast, slow or irregular heartbeats.
In addition, because troublesome heart arrhythmias are often made worse Ч or are even caused Ч by a weak or damaged heart, you may be able to reduce your arrhythmia risk by adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle.
Heart arrhythmia care at Mayo Clinic. In a normal heart rhythm, a tiny cluster of cells at the sinus node sends out an electrical signal. The signal then travels through the atria to the atrioventricular node and then passes into the ventricles, causing them to contract and pump out blood.
Your heart is made up of four chambers Ч two upper chambers atria and two lower chambers ventricles. Your heart rhythm is normally controlled by a natural pacemaker sinus node located in the right atrium. The sinus node produces electrical impulses that normally start each heartbeat. These impulses cause the atria muscles to contract and pump blood into the ventricles.
The electrical impulses then arrive at a cluster of cells called the atrioventricular AV node. The AV node slows down the electrical signal before sending it to the ventricles. This slight delay allows the ventricles to fill with blood.
When electrical impulses reach the muscles of the ventricles, they contract, causing them to pump blood either to the lungs or to the rest of the body.
In a healthy heart, this process usually goes smoothly, resulting in a normal resting heart rate of 60 to beats a minute. Doctors classify arrhythmias not only by where they originate atria or ventricles but also by the speed of heart rate they cause:. Not all tachycardias or bradycardias mean you have heart disease. For example, during exercise it's normal to develop a fast heartbeat as the heart speeds up to provide your tissues with more oxygen-rich blood.
During sleep or times of deep relaxation, it's not unusual for the heartbeat to be slower. Atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is a rapid heart rate caused by chaotic electrical impulses in the atria. These signals result in rapid, uncoordinated, weak contractions of the atria. The chaotic electrical signals bombard the AV node, usually resulting in an irregular, rapid rhythm of the ventricles.
Atrial fibrillation may be temporary, but some episodes won't end unless treated. Ventricular fibrillation. Ventricular fibrillation occurs when rapid, chaotic electrical impulses cause the ventricles to quiver ineffectively instead of pumping necessary blood to the body.
This serious problem is fatal if the heart isn't restored to a normal rhythm within minutes. Most people who experience ventricular fibrillation have an underlying heart disease or have experienced serious trauma.
Long QT syndrome. Long QT syndrome is a heart disorder that carries an increased risk of fast, chaotic heartbeats. The rapid heartbeats, caused by changes in the electrical system of your heart, may lead to fainting, and can be life-threatening.
In some cases, your heart's rhythm may be so erratic that it can cause sudden death. You can be born with a genetic mutation that puts you at risk of long QT syndrome. In addition, several medications may cause long QT syndrome. Some medical conditions, such as congenital heart defects, may also cause long QT syndrome. Although a heart rate below 60 beats a minute while at rest is considered bradycardia, a low resting heart rate doesn't always signal a problem.
If you're physically fit, you may have an efficient heart capable of pumping an adequate supply of blood with fewer than 60 beats a minute at rest. In addition, certain medications used to treat other conditions, such as high blood pressure, may lower your heart rate. However, if you have a slow heart rate and your heart isn't pumping enough blood, you may have one of several bradycardias, including:.
Conduction block. A block of your heart's electrical pathways can occur in or near the AV node, which lies on the pathway between your atria and your ventricles. A block can also occur along other pathways to each ventricle. Depending on the location and type of block, the impulses between the upper and lower halves of your heart may be slowed or blocked. If the signal is completely blocked, certain cells in the AV node or ventricles can make a steady, although usually slower, heartbeat.
Although it often feels like a skipped heartbeat, a premature heartbeat is actually an extra beat. Even though you may feel an occasional premature beat, it seldom means you have a more serious problem. Still, a premature beat can trigger a longer lasting arrhythmia Ч especially in people with heart disease.
Frequent premature beats that last for several years may lead to a weak heart. Premature heartbeats may occur when you're resting or may sometimes be caused by stress, strenuous exercise or stimulants, such as caffeine or nicotine. Arrhythmias may not cause any signs or symptoms. In fact, your doctor might find you have an arrhythmia before you do, during a routine examination. Noticeable signs and symptoms don't necessarily mean you have a serious problem, however.
Arrhythmias may cause you to feel premature heartbeats, or you may feel that your heart is racing or beating too slowly. Other signs and symptoms may be related to your heart not pumping effectively due to the fast or slow heartbeat.
These include shortness of breath, weakness, dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting or near fainting, and chest pain or discomfort. Seek urgent medical care if you suddenly or frequently experience any of these signs and symptoms at a time when you wouldn't expect to feel them. Ventricular fibrillation is one type of arrhythmia that can be deadly.
It occurs when the heart beats with rapid, erratic electrical impulses. This causes the lower chambers in your heart ventricles to quiver uselessly instead of pumping blood. Without an effective heartbeat, blood pressure plummets, cutting off blood supply to your vital organs.
A person with ventricular fibrillation will collapse within seconds and soon won't be breathing or have a pulse.
If this occurs, follow these steps:. Find out if an automated external defibrillator AED is available nearby. These portable defibrillators, which can deliver an electric shock that may restart heartbeats, are available in an increasing number of places, such as in airplanes, police cars and shopping malls. They can even be purchased for your home. No training is required.
The AED will tell you what to do. It's programmed to allow a shock only when appropriate. Heart arrhythmias are associated with an increased risk of blood clots. If a clot breaks loose, it can travel from your heart to your brain. There it might block blood flow, causing a stroke.
If you have a heart arrhythmia, your risk of stroke is increased if you have an existing heart disease or are 65 or older. Certain medications, such as blood thinners, can greatly lower your risk of stroke or damage to other organs caused by blood clots. Your doctor will determine if a blood-thinning medication is appropriate for you, depending on your type of arrhythmia and your risk of blood clots.
To prevent heart arrhythmia, it's important to live a heart-healthy lifestyle to reduce your risk of heart disease. A heart-healthy lifestyle may include:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Request an appointment. Overview Heart rhythm problems heart arrhythmias occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate your heartbeats don't work properly, causing your heart to beat too fast, too slow or irregularly.
Normal heartbeat Open pop-up dialog box Close. Normal heartbeat In a normal heart rhythm, a tiny cluster of cells at the sinus node sends out an electrical signal.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Walls RM, et al. Philadelphia, Pa. Accessed July 9, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. How the heart works. Panchal AR, et al. Overview of arrhythmias. Merck Manual Professional Version.
Zipes DP, et al. Assessment of the patient with a cardiac arrhythmia.
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