Nov 13, · A cesarean section, or C-section, is the delivery of a baby through an incision in the lower abdomen and uterus. The uterus is a pear-shaped organ located in the lower abdominal (pelvic) area where a baby grows during pregnancy. A cesarean birth is sometimes safer than vaginal birth for the mother, the baby, or both. A cesarean section, also called a C-section, is a surgical procedure performed when a vaginal delivery is not possible or safe, or when the health of the mother or the baby is at risk. During this procedure, the baby is delivered through surgical incisions made in the abdomen and the uterus.
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In fact, the cesarean section surgery rate is about a third of all births in the United States of America. When the decision to have a cesarean can arise before labor, it is often called a planned or scheduled cesarean. This might be because it is thought that labor is taking too long, mother or baby is not tolerating labor well, or other issues arise like it is found that the baby is in a malposition.
Whaf is typically called an unplanned cesarean. In a few cases, it will be a true emergency, as in the case of a placental abruption, severe bleeding, or fetal distress. Knowing what to expect may help you feel more comfortable with the procedure.
Here is a picture essay, step-by-step of a c-section birth. Prior to the surgery, you will receive your anesthesia, which is usually a regional pain block such as an epidural or spinal block. A regional anesthesia allows you to feel no pain during the surgery while also remaining awake to witness the birth of your child.
In some cases of emergency, a general anesthesia is used, which means you will be asleep. While your anesthesia is being administered, the room will be busy as the other nurses and doctors are preparing the room with instruments and preparing the warmer for the baby. Anesthesia can take about 20 to 30 minutes to administer.
The powerful numbing will happen quickly and effectively. Sometimes, your arms will be strapped down in a T-position away from your sides. Wwhat is done to prevent you from accidentally interfering with the surgery. You may also have a catheter placed. There will be a drape placed at your abdomen to keep how to naturally prevent hair loss from seeing directly into the incision.
However, you will be able to see the sectioon, and most importantly, the sction when they are delivered. This photo contains content that some people may find graphic or disturbing. In this photo, you see that the mother has been draped with what makes a person greedy drapes and is in the operating room as they make the initial incision into their abdomen. In the vast majority of cases, the incision is horizontal across the lower abdomen, below the belly button and just above or below the start of pubic hair.
Also note that there is no need to shave beforehand. Hospital staff will do this if it is necessary, and it might not be. There are multiple layers that your surgeon must go through before reaching cute is what we aim for free download baby.
The abdominal muscles won't be cut but will be separated in order to access the uterus. The bladder and intestines may need to be pushed aside. The doctor will use a variety of instruments during the procedure as they go through each layer of the body. Sometimes, there are strange smells, such as of disinfectants.
While the c-section is a major surgery any invasive procedure that enters a body cavity, such as the abdomenthe procedure is very safe and effective. That said, it does carry risks, like any surgery, such as of infection, blood clots, or hemorrhage. However, serious complications are rare. When the doctor reaches the uterus, you may hear suctioning. After cutting through the uterus, the amniotic fluid will be suctioned away to make a bit more room in the uterus for the doctor's hands or instruments such as forceps or a vacuum extractor, which are sometimes used forceps less often than vacuum extractor but more often neither to facilitate the extraction of the baby.
Your baby is often engaged in the pelvis, usually head down, but perhaps rear first or breech. Whatever part has entered the pelvis will be lifted out by the doctors.
You may feel pressure at this point and some women report feeling nauseated during shat intense, but brief moment. Once the head is out, your ehat will suction the baby's nose and mouth for fluids. In a vaginal birth, these are squeezed out by the constriction of labor. In a cesarean birth, the baby needs some extra help getting rid of these fluids. If meconium the baby's first bowel movement is present there may be extra suctioning required.
Once your baby has been well suctioned, the doctor will start to help the rest of the body be born. The surgeon will need to maneuver the baby back and forth to help them emerge. You may feel this wiggling, but again, while you may experience sensations of tugging or pulling, this should not be painful.
They will check for umbilical cord entanglement or other complications as sectiion body is born. You may also have c-- assistant surgeon pressing on the upper part of your abdomen of fundus to assist in the birth. The moment you've been waiting for—your baby's birth! It's been about 5 to 10 minutes since your surgery started. Your baby will typically be briefly held over the drape to show you the baby, the umbilical cord how to fit a soft close hinge be cut, and then, the baby is taken away by a nursery nurse or neonatologist to a nearby warmer wht on the setup of the operating room.
If your baby goes to the warmer, it is usually in the same room as the surgery. Here, your baby will be suctioned again to ensure that they have help clearing the amniotic fluid. Your baby may also have some basic care like weighing, measuring, cleaning, and vitamin K.
With some prior planning with participating practitioners and hospitals, assuming both you and the baby are doing well, you can request a "gentle" c-section, which is also called a natural what is c- section surgery. In gentle c-section, the surgery remains the same, the difference is that efforts are made to personalize the experience and mimic a vaginal birth.
Lights may be dimmed, music may be played, the drape that normally obscures the mom's view of surtery operation may be clear, and once the baby's head is out of the abdomen, the rest of the body is brought out slower this can help to squeeze out fluid from the baby's lungsand skin-to-skin contact with your durgery immediately after the birth is prioritized.
The next steps are the delivery of the placenta, followed by the suturing of the uterus and the layers that were cut during the surgery. Once the placenta has been removed, it will be examined by your doctor. During this time you can usually have your baby with you to breastfeed or hold.
However, don't feel pressure to begin breastfeeding immediately, you can start any time in the first hours after your baby is born and a small delay won't cause surgry harm. Simply surgerg your baby however works best for you is fine. It may also be possible for your support person to hold the baby close to your face if you are unable to hold your baby. After everything is finished surgically, your surgeon will stitch your incision shut. There are advantages to both methods—staples are faster saving around seven minuteswhile stitches decrease rates of wound separation and infection and usually yield a finer scar.
In a planned procedure, you can discuss the options with your doctor. Once closed, the wound will be covered with a bandage. You will be watched in the post-op area for at least an hour to ensure that your vital signs are stable and that you aren't bleeding too heavily, though everyone will bleed vaginally from the healing uterus.
Usually your baby and support person can be with you. There you will surgsry the remainder of your stay, which is usually two to four days. Many people are nervous, and some are disappointed, about having a c-section, but what matters most is the safe delivery of your baby. Once your bundle of joy is in your arms, that's all you'll be thinking about.
Get diet and wellness tips to help your kids stay healthy and ahat. Annual summary of vital statistics: — Safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. Rollins M, Lucero J. Overview of anesthetic considerations for Cesarean delivery. British medical bulletin. New Technique for Caesarean Section.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. Techniques for what is c- section surgery difficult delivery at caesarean section. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Women's Health Committee. Delivery of the fetus at caesarean section. Delivery and Immediate Neonatal Care. Amerian Academy of Pediatrics. How can methods of placental delivery in cesarean section affect perioperative blood loss?
A randomized controlled trial of controlled cord traction versus manual removal of placenta.
How a C-section is done
Jul 17, · A cesarean delivery — also known as a C-section or cesarean section — is the surgical delivery of a baby. It involves one incision in the mother’s Author: Brian Krans. Jun 17, · A C-section, or Caesarean section (also spelled Cesarean section), is a type of surgery used to deliver a baby. The baby is surgically removed . Aug 19, · A cesarean section, aka c-section, is a surgical procedure used to deliver baby through incisions made in a mother’s abdomen and uterus. It’s considered to be major surgery, so a c-section can potentially lead to more complications for you and baby than a vaginal birth.
Please understand that our phone lines must be clear for urgent medical care needs. When this changes, we will update this website. Our vaccine supply remains limited. Cesarean section, C-section, or Cesarean birth is the surgical delivery of a baby through a cut incision made in the mother's abdomen and uterus. Health care providers use it when they believe it is safer for the mother, the baby, or both.
The type of incision used depends on the health of the mother and the fetus. The incision in the uterus may also be either vertical or horizontal. If you can't deliver vaginally, C-section allows the fetus to be delivered surgically.
You may be able to plan and schedule your Cesarean. Or, you may have it done because of problems during labor. After a C-section, a woman may not be able to have a vaginal birth in a future pregnancy. It will depend on the type of uterine incision used.
Vertical scars are not strong enough to hold together during labor contractions, so a repeat C-section is necessary. You may have other risks that are unique to you. Be sure to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider before the procedure, if possible.
A C-section will be done in an operating room or a special delivery room. Procedures may vary depending on your condition and your healthcare provider's practices. In most cases, you will be awake for a C-section. Only in rare cases will a mother need medicine that puts you into a deep sleep general anesthesia. Most C-sections are done with a regional anesthesia such as an epidural or spinal. With these, you will have no feeling from your waist down, but you will be awake and able to hear and see your baby as soon as he or she is born.
In the recovery room, nurses will watch your blood pressure, breathing, pulse, bleeding, and the firmness of your uterus. Usually, you can be with your baby while you are in the recovery area. In some cases, babies born by Cesarean will first need to be monitored in the nursery for a short time. Breastfeeding can start in the recovery area, just as with a vaginal delivery. After an hour or 2 in the recovery area, you will be moved to your room for the rest of your hospital stay.
As the anesthesia wears off, you may get pain medicine as needed. In some cases, pain medicine may be given through the epidural catheter until it is removed. You may have gas pains as the intestinal tract starts working again after surgery. You will be encouraged to get out of bed. Moving around and walking helps ease gas pains.
Your healthcare provider may also give you medicine for this. You may feel some uterine contractions called after-pains for a few days. The uterus continues to contract and get smaller over several weeks. You may be given liquids to drink a few hours after surgery.
You can gradually add more solid foods as you can handle them. You may be given antibiotics in your IV while in the hospital and a prescription to keep taking the antibiotics at home.
You will need to wear a sanitary pad for bleeding. It is normal to have cramps and vaginal bleeding for several days after birth. You may have discharge that changes from dark red or brown to a lighter color over several weeks. You may also have other limits on your activity, including no strenuous activity, driving, or heavy lifting.
Take a pain reliever as recommended by your healthcare provider. Aspirin or certain other pain medicines may increase bleeding. So, be sure to take only recommended medicines. Arrange for a follow-up visit with your healthcare provider. This is usually 2 to 3 weeks after the surgery. Health Home Treatments, Tests and Therapies. The incision made in the skin may be: Up-and-down vertical. This incision extends from the belly button to the pubic hairline.
This incision extends across the pubic hairline. It is used most often, because it heals well and there is less bleeding. Why might I need a C-section?
Several conditions make a Cesarean delivery more likely. These include: Abnormal fetal heart rate. The fetal heart rate during labor is a good sign of how well the fetus is doing. Your provider will monitor the fetal heart rate during labor. The normal rate varies between to beats per minute. If the fetal heart rate shows there may be a problem, your provider will take immediate action. This may be giving the mother oxygen, increasing fluids, and changing the mother's position. Abnormal position of the fetus during birth.
The normal position for the fetus during birth is head-down, facing the mother's back. Sometimes a fetus is not in the right position. This makes delivery more difficult through the birth canal. Problems with labor. Labor that fails to progress or does not progress the way it should. Size of the fetus. The baby is too large for your provider to deliver vaginally. Placenta problems. This includes placenta previa, in which the placenta blocks the cervix.
Premature detachment from the fetus is known as abruption. What are the risks of a C-section? Some possible complications of a C-section may include: Reactions to the medicines used during surgery Bleeding Abnormal separation of the placenta, especially in women with previous Cesarean delivery Injury to the bladder or bowel Infection in the uterus Wound infection Trouble urinating or urinary tract infection Delayed return of bowel function Blood clots After a C-section, a woman may not be able to have a vaginal birth in a future pregnancy.
How do I get ready for a C-section? Your healthcare provider will explain the procedure to you and you can ask question. You will be asked to sign a consent form that gives your permission to do the procedure. Read the form carefully and ask questions if something is unclear. You will be asked when you last had anything to eat or drink. If your C-section is planned and requires general, spinal, or epidural anesthesia, you will be asked to not eat or drink anything for 8 hours before the procedure.
Tell your healthcare provider if you are sensitive to or are allergic to any medicine, latex, iodine, tape, or anesthesia. Tell your healthcare provider of all medicine prescription and over-the-counter , vitamins, herbs, and supplements that you are taking. Tell your healthcare provider if you have a history of bleeding disorders or if you are taking any blood-thinning medicines anticoagulants , aspirin, or other medicines that affect blood clotting. You may be told to stop these medicines before the procedure.
You may be given medicine to decrease the acid in your stomach. These also help dry the secretions in your mouth and breathing passages. Plan to have someone stay with you after a C-section. You may have pain in the first few days and will need help with the baby. Follow any other instructions your provider gives you to get ready. What happens during a C-section? Generally, a C-section follows this process: You will be asked to undress and put on a hospital gown.
You will be positioned on an operating or exam table. A urinary catheter may be put in if it was not done before coming to the operating room. An intravenous IV line will be started in your arm or hand.
For safety reasons, straps will be placed over your legs to hold you on the table. Hair around the surgical site may be shaved. The skin will be cleaned with an antiseptic solution. Your abdomen belly will be draped with sterile material. A drape will also be placed above your chest to screen the surgical site. The anesthesiologist will continuously watch your heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, and blood oxygen level during the procedure.
Once the anesthesia has taken effect, your provider will make an incision above the pubic bone, either transverse or vertical.
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